Grammar

Run on Sentence with Types in English Grammar

Run on Sentence with Types in English Grammar

Imagine reading a sentence that just keeps going, like a never-ending story. That’s a run-on sentence – it’s like a sentence that needs a break but doesn’t take one. Then there’s the fragment sentence – it’s like a sentence that’s not finished, leaving you wondering what happened. In our blog post, we’re going to talk about these sentence puzzles and how to solve them. It’s like fixing tangled shoelaces to make your sentences clear and easy to understand. We’ll learn how to add the right stops and starts to our sentences so that they make sense. Join us as we explore sentences together, and soon you’ll be turning confusing sentences into simple and clear ones!

Run on Sentence with Types in English Grammar

Run on Sentence in English

What Constitutes a Run-On Sentence?

A run-on sentence is essentially the fusion of two or more independent clauses without the appropriate punctuation or conjunctions. It occurs when distinct thoughts are improperly combined, leading to confusion and a lack of coherence in writing.

Example of a Run-On Sentence:
She was tired she decided to take a nap.

This example combines two independent clauses, “She was tired” and “She decided to take a nap,” without the necessary punctuation or conjunction to separate them.

Types of Run-On Sentences:

Comma Splice:
This type occurs when two independent clauses are linked by a comma without a coordinating conjunction.

Example:
The sun was setting, it cast a warm glow on the horizon.

Fused Sentence (or Run-On):
This happens when two independent clauses are joined without any punctuation or conjunction.

Example:
The dog barked loudly it scared the mail carrier.

Common Causes of Run-On Sentences:

Understanding why run-on sentences happen is crucial for addressing them effectively. Here are some common causes:

Punctuation Unfamiliarity:
Writers may lack awareness of the correct punctuation marks required to separate independent clauses.

Conjunction Confusion:
Difficulty in selecting and using coordinating conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or) correctly can contribute to run-on sentences.

Overreliance on Commas:
Incorrect use of commas to link independent clauses is a prevalent issue, leading to comma splices.

How to Fix  Run-On Sentences:

Addressing run-on sentences involves choosing the right method based on the specific context.

Here are effective ways to correct Run-on Sentences:

Semicolon Usage:
Use a semicolon to connect closely related independent clauses.

Example:
The snow was falling steadily; the streets were becoming covered in a blanket of white.

Coordinating Conjunctions:
Introduce a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) with a comma to connect independent clauses.

Example:
She loves hiking, but she’s never been camping.

Creating Separate Sentences:
Sometimes, the most straightforward solution is to break a run-on sentence into two distinct sentences.

Example:
The meeting lasted for hours. Everyone was exhausted.

Employing a Subordinate Conjunction:
Use a subordinate conjunction (although, because, since, if) to transform one of the clauses into a dependent clause.

Example:
Although it was raining, the event continued as planned.

Tips for Preventing Run-On Sentences:

Master Punctuation:
Familiarize yourself with the correct usage of punctuation marks, including commas, semicolons, and conjunctions.

Read Aloud:
Reading your writing aloud can help identify run-on sentences by highlighting where natural pauses should occur.

Revision and Editing:
Regularly review your writing for run-on sentences during the editing process. Take the time to revise and improve sentence structure.

Understanding Coordinating Conjunctions:
Learn how coordinating conjunctions work and practice incorporating them into your writing.

Run-on Sentence Examples

  • “She wanted to go to the movies he preferred staying at home.”
  • “The weather was cold I forgot my jacket.”
  • “I have a meeting in the morning I hope it doesn’t last too long.”
  • “He ran the marathon he was exhausted afterward.”
  • “We went for a hike, it was a challenging trail.”
  • “I need to finish my essay I can’t find my notes.”
  • “She loves reading books some people prefer watching movies.”
  • “The concert was amazing the music was loud and energetic.”
  • “I wanted to go swimming the pool was closed for maintenance.”
  • “The children played in the park they had a great time.”
  • “I finished my work early I decided to go home and relax.”
  • “The train was delayed we missed our connecting flight.”
  • “She wanted to go shopping he preferred staying home and watching TV.”
  • “We had a picnic in the park the weather was perfect for it.”
  • “I enjoy playing the piano my sister prefers playing the guitar.”
  • “The restaurant was crowded we had to wait for a table.”
  • “The cat is sleeping on the couch the dog is lying on the floor.”
  • “He forgot to bring his umbrella it started raining heavily.”
  • “I bought a new phone it’s the latest model.”
  • “She likes hiking in the mountains her friends prefer going to the beach.”

What Constitutes a Fragment Sentence?

A sentence fragment is essentially a group of words that does not form a complete sentence. It typically lacks one or both of the essential components: a subject and a verb. Without these elements, the fragment fails to convey a full idea and requires additional information to make sense.

Types of Sentence Fragment

Missing Subject:
Walking in the park on a sunny day.

Correction:
People were walking in the park on a sunny day.

Missing Verb:
Although tired and hungry.

Correction:
Although tired and hungry, we decided to continue our hike.

Dependent Clause as a Sentence:
Because it was raining.

Correction:
We decided to stay indoors because it was raining.

Incomplete Thought:
The old house with a lovely garden. Abandoned for years.

Correction:
The old house with a lovely garden had been abandoned for years.

Appositive without Main Clause:
My best friend from childhood. A talented artist.

Correction:
My best friend from childhood, who is a talented artist, visited last weekend.

Identifying Sentence Fragments:

Recognizing sentence fragments involves understanding when a group of words fails to stand alone as a complete sentence. Common indicators include a lack of subject, a lack of a main verb, or the presence of dependent clauses that don’t connect to independent clauses.

Correcting Sentence Fragments:

Correcting sentence fragments requires completing the thought by adding missing subjects, verbs, or connecting fragments to main clauses. Various strategies can be employed to ensure clarity and grammatical correctness:

Adding Missing Elements:
Identify what is missing (subject, verb, or both) and add the necessary components.

Connecting Fragments:
Combine sentence fragments with main clauses to create complete sentences.

Using Independent Clauses:
Ensure that each sentence contains at least one independent clause that can stand alone.

Checking for Dependent Clauses:
Verify that dependent clauses are appropriately attached to independent clauses to form complete thoughts.

Tips for Avoiding Sentence Fragments:

Reviewing Your Writing:
Regularly review your writing for sentence fragments during the editing process.

Reading Aloud:
Reading your work aloud can help identify fragments by pinpointing areas where the flow is disrupted.

Understanding Sentence Structure:
Gain a solid understanding of sentence structure, including the role of subjects, verbs, and clauses.

20 Fragment Examples

  • “After the movie ended.”
  • “Along the riverbank at sunrise.”
  • “Without a doubt in my mind.”
  • “Enjoying the beautiful sunset.”
  • “Eager to start the new project.”
  • “During the summer vacation.”
  • “In the top drawer of the desk.”
  • “Excited about the upcoming trip.”
  • “Following the instructions carefully.”
  • “Underneath the bright full moon.”
  • “Lost in the crowded city streets.”
  • “With a sense of accomplishment.”
  • “Across the vast open field.”
  • “Without any hesitation.”
  • “After discovering the hidden treasure.”
  • “In the quiet corner of the library.”
  • “Walking through the autumn leaves.”
  • “Despite the unexpected obstacles.”
  • “Inside the mysterious old mansion.”
  • “Excited for the weekend getaway.”