Grammar

Adjective Clause, Types with Examples In English

Define Adjective Clause, Types with Examples

Words like ‘whose,’ ‘your,’ and ‘his’ help tell about things. We call them the ‘Adjective Clause.‘ They show who owns something. These words make our sentences more interesting. This blog talks about these special words, why they’re important, and the different kinds of them, with Adjective Clause Examples. It’s easy to understand, so whether you’re a student learning English or just want to know more about words, this will help you a lot. These words make sentences better, and you can learn how to use them to make your English better too!

Adjective Clause, Types with Examples In English

Adjective Clause, Types In English

What is Adjective Clause?

An adjective clause, also known as a relative clause, is a group of words that functions as an adjective in a sentence. It provides additional information about a noun or pronoun in the main clause, specifying or describing it further.

Examples:

  • The dog that chased the mailman is friendly.
  • The girl, whose backpack is purple, is my sister.
  • We visited the park where we played last summer.
  • He showed me a gadget, that can fix almost anything.
  • The person whom I called is my best friend.
  • I watched a movie, that everyone is talking about.
  • The pizza, whose aroma filled the room, arrived hot.

Formation of Adjective Clauses:

An adjective clause is a group of words that enhances the meaning of a noun in a sentence. It provides extra details, allowing us to better understand the noun being described. Forming an adjective clause involves a simple three-step process.

Identify the Noun:
Begin by choosing the noun you wish to elaborate on. This is the primary subject of your sentence and serves as the focal point for additional information.

Select a Connecting Word:
Next, choose a connecting word such as “who,” “which,” or “that.” This word links the extra details to the chosen noun, creating a bridge between them.

Provide More Information:
After the connecting word, offer additional details that describe the noun in more depth. This information can include qualities, characteristics, or actions associated with the noun.

With these three steps, you can effectively form an adjective clause, enriching your sentences with meaningful descriptions and context. Let’s explore this process further with an example.

Example 1:

  1. Identify the Noun: The book
  2. Select a Connecting Word: That
  3. Provide More Information: Is on the shelf

Adjective Clause Sentence: The book that is on the shelf belongs to Sarah.
In this example, the adjective clause “that is on the shelf” gives more information about the noun “book.”

Example 2:

  1. Identify the Noun: The girl
  2. Select a Connecting Word: Who
  3. Provide More Information: Loves playing the piano

Adjective Clause Sentence: The girl who loves playing the piano is my neighbor.
Here, the adjective clause “who loves playing the piano” provides additional details about the noun “girl.”

These examples illustrate how the formation of adjective clauses can enrich sentences by offering more context and details about the chosen nouns.

Types of Adjective Clause:

  • Defining Adjective Clause
  • Non-defining Adjective Clause

Defining Adjective Clauses:

A Defining Adjective Clause is like a superhero sidekick that gives crucial information about the main word. It defines or identifies which one or what kind of thing or person we’re talking about. It’s like the main character in a story – you need to know who or what they are!

Examples:

  • I have a friend who always makes me laugh.
  • The car that belongs to my neighbor is red.
  • She bought a dress which matches her shoes.
  • The boy whose bike was stolen is upset.
  • I need a pen that writes in blue ink.
  • The cat that sits on the windowsill is mine.
  • The movie which won the award is fantastic.

Non-defining Adjective Clauses:

A non-defining adjective clause is like adding extra information about something without changing the main meaning of the sentence. It gives details that are interesting but not essential.

Examples:

  • Dad, who bakes amazing pies, made one for dessert.
  • The book, which costs only five dollars, is on sale.
  • Tina, who speaks three languages, helped us with translations.
  • The car, which has a red roof, belongs to my cousin.
  • My teacher, whose favorite color is blue, wore a blue dress.
  • The cake, which was baked this morning, smells delicious.
  • Max, who won the race, received a gold medal.

Adjective Clause Examples:

  • The blue car that was parked outside is mine.
  • She bought a dress with sequins that shimmer in the light.
  • I met a person whose dog won the local pet show.
  • The book, written by a famous author, is a bestseller.
  • The movie, filmed in France, received critical acclaim.
  • The cake, baked by my mom, tasted delicious.
  • The student who answered the question correctly got extra credit.
  • The house, located on the corner, has a beautiful garden.
  • He wore a shirt that matched his shoes perfectly.
  • The museum, visited by thousands of tourists, showcases ancient artifacts.

Adjective Clause Exercise:

1. The book _____ I lent you last week is my favorite.
a) who
b) whose
c) where
d) whom
2. Can you find the person _____ lost their keys in the cafeteria?
a) which
b) who
c) whom
d) whose
3. This is the house _____ roof was damaged in the storm.
a) whose
b) who
c) where
d) whom
4. The movie, _____ main character is a detective, received excellent reviews.
a) that
b) whose
c) who
d) whom
5. She has a friend _____ is a famous musician.
a) which
b) whom
c) whose
d) who
6. The project _____ you submitted yesterday needs some revisions.
a) who
b) whose
c) where
d) that
7. I have a colleague _____ speaks five languages fluently.
a) whose
b) who
c) whom
d) which

Answers:

  1. b) whose
  2. b) who
  3. a) whose
  4. d) whom
  5. d) who
  6. d) that
  7. b) who

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