Grammar

8 Parts of Speech in English with Examples

8 Parts of Speech in English with Examples | Parts of Speech

Understanding the parts of speech in grammar is like learning the alphabet of a language. Just as the ABCs are the building blocks of written words, the parts of speech are the fundamental elements that make up our spoken and written language. In this blog post, we’ll explore the world of parts of speech and dive into their essential roles in constructing sentences. We’ll break down each part of speech, providing examples that will make it easy to grasp their functions. Whether you’re a student, a writer, or simply someone curious about the inner workings of language, this guide will help you gain a solid foundation in understanding the power of words. Let’s begin this journey into the world of language and discover how each part of speech plays a unique role in communication, shaping the way we express our thoughts and ideas.

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Parts of Speech definition:

Parts of speech, also known as word classes, are the basic categories into which words in a language are classified based on their grammatical and semantic functions. These categories help us understand how words function within sentences and convey meaning.
There are 8 parts of speech.

  1. Noun
  2. Verb
  3. Adjective
  4. Adverb
  5. Pronoun
  6. Prepositions
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Interjections

Types of Parts of Speech:

1 – Noun 

The nouns are basically used to name people, places, animals, and things. The word noun fundamentally means name.

Example Words:

  • Dog
  • Cat
  • Car
  • Book
  • River
  • Friend
  • City
  • Family
  • Happiness
  • Knowledge

Noun in Sentences

  • The playful dog chased its tail around the yard.
  • The fluffy cat curled up on the couch and purred.
  •  The red car sped down the highway, leaving a trail of dust.
  • I’m reading a fascinating book by my favorite author.
  • We had a picnic by the serene river this weekend.
  • My best friend and I share everything with each other.
  • New York City is known for its vibrant nightlife and culture.
  • The entire family gathered for a special dinner on Thanksgiving.
  • Finding happiness in small moments is the key to a joyful life.
  • The pursuit of knowledge is a lifelong journey.
    Noun Example Sentences in English.

    Noun Example Sentences in English.

1.1 – Common Noun
That describes a person, place, and thing.. Common nouns refer to general, non-specific people, places, or things, as opposed to specific individuals or unique entities.

Example Words:

  • Dog
  • Cat
  • Car
  • Book
  • River
  • City
  • Teacher
  • Student
  • Doctor
  • Restaurant

1.2 – Proper Noun

It is used to describe a specific person, place, thing, or idea and it always starts with a capital letter.

Example Words:

  • Paris
  • Eiffel Tower
  • Apple Inc.
  • Mona Lisa
  • Mount Everest
  • Harry Potter
  • The White House
  • Disneyland
  • Microsoft
  • The Beatles
  • Africa
  • Coca-Cola
  • Rio de Janeiro
  • Taj Mahal
  • Albert Einstein
  • Hollywood
  • The Great Wall of China
  • Mars
  • New York City
  • Asia
  • Oscar

1.3 – Abstract Noun

It is used to express names, ideas, feelings, emotions, or qualities, the subject of any paragraph comes under this category. It does not take “the”.

Example Words:

  • Love
  • Happiness
  • Peace
  • Justice
  • Freedom
  • Hope
  • Courage
  • Friendship
  • Honesty
  • Kindness
  • Wisdom
  • Anger
  • Grief
  • Patience
  • Success
  • Beauty
  • Curiosity
  • Generosity
  • Fear
  • Knowledge

1.4 – Concrete Noun

It is used to express material-related things, persons, or places. The existence of that particular thing can be physically observed and touched.

Example Words:

  • Dog
  • Car
  • Tree
  • Chair
  • Book
  • Apple
  • Bridge
  • River
  • Beach
  • Bicycle
  • Pizza
  • Shoe
  • Computer
  • Mountain
  • Hammer
  • Television
  • Sun
  • Backpack
  • Guitar
  • House

1.5 – Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable Nouns:
Countable nouns can be singular or plural. It can easily be counted.

Example Words:

  • Apples
  • Chairs
  • Books
  • Cats
  • Houses
  • Cars
  • Bicycles
  • Children
  • Cups
  • Computers

Uncountable Noun:
The uncountable noun are those that cannot be counted.

Example Words:

  • Water (in general)
  • Milk
  • Rice
  • Sugar
  • Coffee
  • Air
  • Knowledge
  • Furniture
  • Advice
  • Weather

1.6 – Collective Noun
It is used to describe a group of people and things or ideas. Which is considered singular.

Example Words:

  • Flock
  • Herd
  • School
  • Pack
  • Team
  • Crew
  • Hive
  • Swarm
  • Gang
  • Hoard
  • Orchestra
  • Choir
  • Pod
  • Mob
  • Staff
  • Government
  • Audience
  • Class
  • Committee
  • Jury

1.7 – Possessive Noun
A possessive noun shows ownership or possession of a person, place, thing, or concept. It is often formed by adding ‘s to the noun or using a possessive pronoun.

Example Words:

  • John’s
  • Sarah’s
  • The cat’s
  • My book’s
  • The teacher’s
  • Their house’s
  • The dog’s
  • Alice’s
  • Our car’s
  • The company’s
  • The children’s
  • My parents’
  • The store’s
  • The restaurant’s
  • Mary’s
  • The student’s
  • Your friend’s
  • The doctor’s
  • The country’s
  • The manager’s

2 – Verb

A verb is a word that expresses an action, state, or occurrence, conveying what the subject of a sentence is doing or experiencing.

Verb in Sentences

  • She ran to catch the bus.
  • He paints beautiful landscapes.
  • They sing in the school choir.
  • I read a fascinating novel last night.
  • The chef cooks delicious meals.
  • The bird soars high in the sky.
  • We play soccer every Saturday.
  • The rain falls gently on the roof.
  • He writes poetry in his free time.
  • She teaches math at the local school.
    Verb Example Sentences in English

    Verb Example Sentences in English

Types of verbs

2.1 – Actions verbs
Action verbs are words that express an action, activity, or process that someone or something is doing.

Example Words:

  • Run
  • Jump
  • Swim
  • Write
  • Sing
  • Dance
  • Read
  • Cook
  • Drive
  • Build

2.2 – Linking verbs
Linking verbs, also known as copulative verbs, are verbs that connect the subject of a sentence to a subject complement (a word or phrase that follows the verb and describes or renames the subject). Linking verbs do not express action but instead link or equate the subject to the complement, often expressing a state of being or condition.

Example Words:

  • Is
  • Am
  • Are
  • Was
  • Were
  • Seem
  • Become
  • Feel
  • Look
  • Taste
  • understand
  • look

2.3 – Auxiliary (helping) verbs
Auxiliary verbs, also known as helping verbs, are used in conjunction with the main verb in a sentence to convey various nuances such as tense, mood, aspect, and voice. They provide additional information about the action or state expressed by the main verb.

Example Words:

  • Is
  • Am
  • Are
  • Was
  • Were
  • Have
  • Has
  • Had
  • Do
  • Does

2.4 – Modal Verbs
Modal verbs, also known as modal auxiliary verbs or modal auxiliaries, are a category of auxiliary verbs that express the speaker’s attitude, necessity, possibility, or ability regarding the action of the main verb in a sentence. Modal verbs are used to modify the meaning of the main verb.

Example Words:

  • Can
  • Could
  • Shall
  • Should
  • Will
  • Would
  • May
  • Might
  • Must
  • Ought to

2.5 – Transitive verbs

Transitive verbs are action verbs that require a direct object to complete their meaning in a sentence. They indicate an action that is performed on or directed toward someone or something. In other words, transitive verbs transfer the action from the subject of the sentence to a direct object, which receives the action.

Sentence Examples: 

  • She ate the delicious cake.
  • He reads a fascinating book every week.
  • They painted the old house a bright yellow color.

2.6 – Intransitive verbs

Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not require a direct object to complete their meaning. These verbs express actions, events, or states that do not transfer to an object. They often stand alone in a sentence, and their meaning is self-contained without the need for an object.

Sentence Examples: 

  • She sleeps peacefully.
  • The birds sing in the morning.
  • He laughed loudly.

3 – Adjectives
Adjectives are words that modify or describe nouns or pronouns, providing additional information about their qualities or characteristics. They serve to add details, specifics, or attributes to the nouns they modify, helping to create a clearer and more vivid image of the subject. Adjectives can describe the color, size, shape, age, origin, or any other relevant quality of the noun.

Example Words:

  • Beautiful sunset
  • Red car
  • Tall tree
  • Delicious pizza
  • Friendly dog
  • Cold ice cream
  • Smart student
  • Old building
  • Sunny day
  • Eager children
    Adjective Example Words in English

    Adjective Example Words in English

Adjective is commonly placed before a noun and after the linking verb.

Before Noun Examples:

  • Red roses
  • Little children
  • Modern technology
  • Beautiful artwork
  • Warm sunshine

After Linking Verb Examples:

  • The flowers are beautiful.
  • The cake tastes delicious.
  • The movie seems interesting.
  • The weather feels cold.
  • The room looks cozy.

Adjective is used to elucidate nouns.

Example Words:

  • Beautiful flowers
  • Gigantic elephant
  • Sunny day
  • Delicious pizza
  • Curious child
  • Cozy blanket
  • Majestic mountains
  • Ancient ruins
  • Adventurous journey
  • Intelligent student

Types of adjectives

3.1 – Simple degree
Simple degree adjectives express the basic level of comparison. They don’t compare; they describe a noun without indicating more or less.

Example Words:

  • Very happy
  • Quite tired
  • Rather cold
  • Extremely excited
  • Fairly quiet
  • Absolutely delicious
  • Completely unexpected
  • Utterly beautiful
  • Incredibly fast
  • Terribly sad

3.2 – Comparative
Comparative adjectives are used to compare two or more things, indicating which has more or less of a quality (e.g., “bigger” or “smarter”).

Sentence Examples: 

  • She is taller than her brother.
  • The second book is more interesting than the first one.
  • His car is faster than mine.
  • This exercise is easier than the previous one.
  • The red dress looks better on you than the blue one.
  • Today is colder than yesterday.
  • John’s painting is more detailed than Mary’s.
  • The coffee here tastes better than at the other café.
  • Her essay was longer than his.
  • The new smartphone is more expensive than the older model.

3.3 – Superlative
The superlative adjective is the highest degree of comparison, indicating the greatest extent of a quality among multiple things or people.

Examples

  •  The tallest building in the city is an architectural marvel.
  • She is the most beautiful girl I’ve ever seen.
  • Usain Bolt is known as the fastest sprinter in the world.
  • Albert Einstein is often considered one of the smartest scientists in history.
  • The oldest tree in the forest has witnessed centuries of growth.

3.4 – Demonstrative adjective
Demonstrative adjectives are words used to specify or point to a particular noun, indicating whether it is near or far,

Below are four words….
This, That, These, Those

Sentence Examples: 
This
– indicates something that is close in proximity.
Example: “I like this book.”
These – indicates more than one thing that is close in proximity.
Example: “I like these books.”
That – indicates something that is farther away in proximity.
Example: “I like that car.”
Those – indicates more than one thing that is farther away in proximity.
Example: “I like those houses.”

3.5 – Indefinite adjectives
It is used to indicate nouns. They often describe “how many” or “how much” of something.

Sentence Examples: 

  • Would you like to have some ice cream?
  • There are many people waiting in line.
  • There are only a few cookies left.
  • I have read several books by that author.
  • All students should complete the assignment.
  • There is no time to waste.
  • Do you have any questions?
  • Each student received a certificate.
  • Both options are excellent.
  • We have several options to choose from.

Interrogative adjectives: They are used to ask questions.

Sentence Examples: 

  • Which: It is used to ask about a specific choice or selection among a group.
    Example: “Which book do you want to read?”
  • What: It is used to inquire about the nature or identity of something.
    Example: “What movie are we watching tonight?”

4 – Adverbs

These words are used to modify nouns and are added to verbs. Like adjectives are used to describe them, adverbs are placed before verbs in order to change their meaning. The word “modify” basically means to make the meaning of the adverb big.

Sentence Examples: 

  • She ran to catch the bus quickly.
  • It’s very hot outside today.
  • We should leave for the movie now.
  • The keys are over there on the table.
  • He plays the guitar well.
  • We will be there soon.
  • She has almost finished her work.
  •  They went to the beach yesterday.
  • The coffee is too hot to drink.
  • The owl flew silently through the night.
    Adverb Example Sentences in English

    Adverb Example Sentences in English

Types of adverb

4.1 – Adverb of manner

An adverb of manner is a type of adverb that describes how an action or verb is performed, indicating the way, method, or manner in which something is done. It provides more detail about the action by answering questions like “how” or “in what way.

Sentence Examples: 

  • She walked carefully on the icy sidewalk.
  • He solved the math problem quickly.
  • She handled the fragile vase gently.
  • The music at the concert played loudly.
  • The construction workers worked steadily to build the new house.

4.2 – Adverb of place

Adverbs of place are words that describe the location or position of an action or the subject in a sentence. They provide information about where the action is happening. Adverbs of place include words

Sentence Examples: 

I left your keys right here on the table.
The park is just over there by the river.
The kids’ toys are scattered everywhere in the living room.
The painting hangs above the fireplace.
The cat is hiding underneath the bed.

4.3 – Adverb of time

An adverb of time is a word that describes when or how often an action occurs, providing information about the timing or frequency of an event in a sentence.

Examples

  • I left your keys right here on the table.
  • The park is just over there by the river.
  • The kids’ toys are scattered everywhere in the living room.
  • The painting hangs above the fireplace.
  • The cat is hiding underneath the bed.

Soon now, later, then, tomorrow, today, day after tomorrow, every day, weekly

4.4 – Linking adverbs
They are used to create connection between two clauses or sentences. It is used to create a connection between two different sentences or clauses.

Sentence Examples: 

  •  She studied hard; therefore, she aced the exam.
  • He wanted to go; however, he couldn’t because of his work.
  • He went to the store; meanwhile, she prepared dinner.
  • Jane enjoys swimming; similarly, she loves snorkeling.
  • The weather was bad; nevertheless, they went on the hike.

5 – Pronouns

Pronouns are the words that are used in place of nouns in order to to avoid unnecessary repetition. We often prefer to use one of the following words… him, him, and him instead of using one particular word “MAN”.

The most common pronouns are as below:

Singular: I, he, she, it, me, him, her

Plural: We, they, our, us, them.

Sentence Examples: 

  • I I am going to the store.
  • You – Can you pass me the salt?
  • HeHe is my brother.
  • SheShe loves to sing.
  • It – The cat is cute; it is playful.
  • WeWe are going to the beach.
  • TheyThey won the game.
  • Me – Give it to me.
  • Him – I saw him at the park.
  • Her – I like her style.
    Pronoun Example Sentences in English

    Pronoun Example Sentences in English

Types of Pronouns

  • Personal Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Interrogative Pronouns
  • Relative Pronouns
  • Reflexive Pronouns
  • Intensive Pronouns
  • Possessive Pronouns
  • Indefinite Pronouns
  • Reciprocal Pronouns
  • Relative Pronouns

5.1 – Personal pronoun

It is used in place of persons. They possess various forms according to the person.

First-person: I, we, me, us, mine, our, ourselves.
Second person: thou, you, there.
Third person: He, she, it, his, him

5.2 – Possessive pronouns

Pronouns that show are used to describe possession or ownership.

Below are the common possessive pronouns:

Mine, Yours, His, Hers, Its, Ours, Theirs, My, Your, Our

Sentence Examples: 

  • The red bicycle is mine.
  • Is this jacket yours?
  • The book is on his desk.
  • The cat is hers.
  • The dog wagged its tail.
  • The house is ours.
  • The cookies are theirs.
  •  This is my car.
  •  Is this your phone?
  • We painted our room.

5.3 – Relative pronoun
These Pronouns are used to express or describe relations or connections between two clauses in a sentence.
Relative Pronoun words:

  • Who
  • Whom
  • Which
  • That
  • Whose
  • Where
  • When
  • Why
  • Whoever
  • Whichever

Sentence Examples: 

  • The person who won the award is my sister.
    The manager, whom I respect, offered me a promotion.
  • The car, whose owner is absent, is blocking the driveway.
  • The book, which I borrowed from the library, is fascinating.
  • The cat that you adopted is adorable.
  • This is the park where we used to play as children.
  • The day when we met was unforgettable.
  • The reason why I’m late is heavy traffic.
  • You can choose whichever movie you like.
  • Talk to whomever you feel comfortable with.

5.4 – Interrogative pronouns

These types of pronouns are basically used to ask questions.

Below are the interrogative pronouns:
Who, whom, which, and whose:

Sentence Examples: 

  • Who: Who is that person?
  • Whom: Whom did you invite to the party?
  • What: What is your favorite color?
  • Which: Which book would you like to read?
  • Whose: Whose bag is this?

5.5 – Demonstrative pronoun
These kinds of pronouns are used to indicate towards person, place, idea or thing.

The followings are the demonstrative pronouns:
This, That, These and Those

Sentence Examples: 

  • This: I prefer this one.
  • These: Can you pass me these?
  • That: I don’t like that idea.
  • Those: Look at those over there.

5.6 – Reflexive pronoun
These types of pronouns end with “self” or selves”

Common Reflexive Pronouns are as follows:
myself, himself, yourself, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves.

Sentence Examples: 

  • I cut myself while shaving.
  • She always talks to herself.
  • They should be proud of themselves.
  • He built the house himself.
  • We need to take care of ourselves.
  • You should believe in yourself.
  • The cat groomed itself.
  • The children dressed themselves for school.
  • They prepared dinner all by themselves.

5.7 –Indefinite pronoun:
indefinite pronouns re those that do not use to refer to any specific person, idea, thing or, place.

Indefinite pronoun words:
another, anything, each other, enough, everyone, less

Examples
Enough is enough. I can’t tolerate it anymore.
Everyone is trying to get admission in this famous college.
Anything is possible in the world.

6 – Prepositions

Prepositions are words that show the relationship between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence, often indicating location, direction, time, or the relationship between objects.

Sentence Examples: 

  •  The cat is sleeping in the basket.
  • The book is on the table.
  • The keys are under the cushion.
  • She is sitting between two friends.
  •  The airplane is flying above the clouds.
  • I parked my car beside yours.
  • We met during the summer vacation.
  • The cat is hiding behind the curtain.
  • We walked across the bridge.
  • The store is near the post office.
    Preposition Example Sentences in English

    Preposition Example Sentences in English

The noun and pronoun that is used before the preposition are considered its object. We can easily recognize prepositions from the examples below.

IN:
In 2022, in April, in the park,

ON:
On 5th April, on Sunday, on the sofa

AT:
At 3:00 PM, at 10 o’clock, at night, at midnight

However, we can use “in” for morning and evening…

Types of Preposition

  • Simple Prepositions:
    These are basic prepositions that show a relationship between the noun following the preposition and other elements in the sentence.
    Examples include “in,” “on,” “under,” “over,” “by,” “through,” “with,” and “between.”
  • Compound Prepositions:
    These are prepositions formed by combining simple prepositions with other words.
    Examples include “in front of,” “out of,” “because of,” and “on top of.”
  • Time Prepositions:
    These prepositions indicate when an action takes place.
    Examples include “before,” “after,” “during,” “since,” and “until.”
  • Place Prepositions:
    These prepositions indicate where an action occurs.
    Examples include “at,” “in,” “on,” “under,” “above,” and “between.”
  • Direction Prepositions:
    These prepositions show the direction of an action.
    Examples include “towards,” “to,” “from,” and “across.”
  • Manner Prepositions:
    These prepositions describe how an action is performed.
    Examples include “with,” “by,” and “in.”
  • Cause Prepositions:
    These prepositions indicate the cause or reason for an action.
    Examples include “because of” and “due to.”
  • Purpose Prepositions:
    These prepositions express the purpose or intent of an action.
    Examples include “for” and “in order to.”

7 – Conjunctions

A conjunction is a part of speech used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Conjunctions serve to join or coordinate elements within a sentence, indicating relationships such as addition, contrast, choice, cause and effect, time, and more.

Conjunction Words:

  • And
  • But
  • Or
  • So
  • If
  • Because
  • Although
  • Since
  • While
  • Yet
  • Either…or
  • Neither…nor
  • Not only…but also
  • As
  • Moreover
  • Therefore
  • However
  • Furthermore
  • Unless
  • Although

Sentence Examples: 

  • He and she went to the store.
  • She wanted to go, but he stayed home.
  • You can have tea or coffee.
  •  It was raining, so we stayed indoors.
  •  If you study, you’ll do well on the test.
  • They left early because they had a long drive.
  • He read a book while waiting for the bus.
  • Although it rained, the picnic was fun.
  •  Since he’s allergic, he can’t have nuts.
  • He’s tired, yet he keeps working.
    Conjunction Example Sentences in english

    Conjunction Example Sentences in english

Types of Conjunction

Coordinating Conjunctions:
These conjunctions connect words, phrases, or independent clauses of equal grammatical weight.
The commonly used coordinating conjunctions are “and,” “but,” “or,” “nor,” “for,” “so,” and “yet.”

Subordinating Conjunctions:
These conjunctions connect an independent clause with a dependent (subordinate) clause, indicating a dependent relationship.
Examples include “although,” “because,” “since,” “if,” “when,” “while,” and “although.”

Correlative Conjunctions:
These conjunctions work in pairs to join similar elements.
Common pairs include “either…or,” “neither…nor,” “both…and,” “not only…but also,” and “whether…or.”

Conjunctive Adverbs:
These are adverbs that function as conjunctions to connect independent clauses.
Examples include “however,” “therefore,” “meanwhile,” “nevertheless,” and “furthermore.”

Relative Pronouns:
While not traditional conjunctions, relative pronouns like “who,” “which,” and “that” connect relative clauses to main clauses, providing more information about a noun.

8 – Interjections

Interjections are words or expressions used to convey strong emotions, feelings, or sudden reactions in spoken or written language. They often stand alone in a sentence and are punctuated with exclamation marks. Interjections are used to express surprise, excitement, frustration, joy, pain, or other emotional responses

Interjection Words:

  • Wow!
  • Ouch!
  • Yikes!
  • Oops!
  • Hooray!
  • Bravo!
  • Ah!
  • Ugh!
  • Phew!
  • Alas!
  • Oh!
  • Hey!
  • Well!
  • Eek!
  • Gee!
  • Darn!
  • Yay!
  • Aha!
  • Uh-oh!
  • Cheers!

Sentence Examples: 

  • Wow! That was an amazing performance!
  • Ouch! I just stubbed my toe.
  • Yikes! That was a close call.
  • Oops! I spilled my coffee.
  • Hooray! We won the game!
  • Bravo! You did a fantastic job.
  • Ah! This tea is so relaxing.
  • Ugh! I can’t believe it’s Monday again.
  • Phew! I finally finished that task.
  • Alas! The beautiful sunset is fading.
    Interjection Example Sentences in English

    Interjection Example Sentences in English


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