Grammar

Possessive Adjectives, Types in English with Examples

Possessive Adjective Types with Examples

Words like ‘my,’ ‘your,’ and ‘his’ are special words that show who owns something. We call them ‘Possessive Adjectives.‘ These words help us tell more about things and make our sentences more interesting. This blog will talk about these special words, why they’re important, and the different kinds of them, including Possessive Adjectives Examples. It’s easy to understand, so whether you’re a student trying to get better at English or just want to learn something new about words, this will help you a lot.

Define Possessive Adjectives,Types with Examples

Define Possessive Adjectives, Types with Examples

What is a Possessive Adjective?

A possessive adjective is a word that tells us who something belongs to. It always comes before a thing or a person to show ownership.
Here are some examples:

  • my
  • your
  • his
  • her
  • their
  • its
  • our
  • whose

Now, look at these sentences:

  • This is my ball. (The ball belongs to me.)
  • Her house is larger than your house. (Her house is bigger than yours.)
  • Will you be going to his birthday party? (The birthday party belongs to him.)
  • Have you seen our new website? (The new website belongs to us.)

In these sentences, the possessive adjectives help us know who owns or has something.

Subject Pronouns and their Possessive Adjectives:

Subject Pronoun Possessive Adjective
I my
You (singular) your
He his
She her
It its
We our
You (plural) your
They their

Subject pronouns are an essential component of language, facilitating clear communication and expressing ownership of relationships. Subject pronouns replace nouns as the subjects of sentences, simplifying expression. Common subject pronouns include “I,” “you,” “he,” “she,” “it,” “we,” and “they.”

Subject pronouns are used to indicate who or what is acting in a sentence, while possessive adjectives indicate ownership or association.

Possessive Pronouns and their Possessive Adjectives:

Possessive adjectives indicate ownership or possession of a noun and agree with the subject they modify. They include “my,” “your,” “his,” “her,” “its,” “our,” and “their.” For instance, “my car” signifies ownership by the speaker.

Possessive Pronoun Possessive Adjective
Mine My
Yours Your
His His
Hers Her
Its Its
Ours Our
Yours (plural) Your (plural)
Theirs Their

“Its” can act as both a possessive pronoun and a possessive adjective, but it does not have an apostrophe, unlike “it’s,” which is a contraction for “it is” or “it has.”

Types of  Possessive Adjectives:

In the English language, possessive adjectives serve to denote ownership or relationships between entities. They function by modifying nouns or pronouns and can be categorized into three groups based on the person they represent: first person, second person, and third person.

First Person:
The first person refers to the speaker or writer themselves.

Example

  • Singular: Refers to the speaker or writer themselves.
    Example: I went to the store.
  • Plural: Refers to the speaker along with others.
    Example: We enjoyed the movie.

Second Person:
The second person refers to the person or people being spoken to or written to.

Example:

  • Singular:
    Refers to the person or people being spoken to or written to.
    Example: You should complete your homework.
  • Plural:
    Refers to a group of people being addressed.
    Example: Can you all pass me the salt?

Third Person:
Third person refers to individuals or objects that are not the speaker or the person being addressed. It’s an outside perspective.

Example:

  • Singular:
    Refers to one individual or object that is not the speaker or the person being addressed.
    Examples:
  • He is studying for exams.
    She went to the park.
  • Plural:
    Refers to multiple individuals or objects that are not the speaker or the person being addressed.
    Example: They completed the project on time.

In this way, the use of singular and plural forms further clarifies whether the reference is to one or more individuals or objects within each person category.

Possessive Adjective Examples:

  • My cat enjoys sleeping on the windowsill.
  • His car is parked in the driveway.
  • Our favorite restaurant is closed on Sundays.
  • Her laptop is on the kitchen table.
  • Their children go to the same school.
  • Your jacket is hanging in the closet.
  • Its fur is soft and fluffy.
  • Our friends are coming over for dinner tonight.
  • Your keys are on the counter.
  • Their house has a beautiful garden.

Possessive Adjectives Exercises:

1. This is ____ book.
a) my
b) mine
c) me
d) myself
2. Which of the following is the correct possessive adjective for the plural form of “child”?
a) their
b) them
c) theirs
d) they
3. The cat is licking ____ paws.
a) its
b) it’s
c) hers
d) her
4. Is this ____ umbrella?
a) your
b) yours
c) you’re
d) yourself
5. Our team won the championship.
a) Our
b) Team
c) Won
d) Championship

Answers:

  1. a) my
  2. a) their
  3. a) its
  4. b) yours
  5. a) Our

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