Adverbial Clause Definition, Types with Examples

Adverbial Clause Definition, Types with Examples

Let’s talk about sentences! There’s a special type, Adverbial Clause, that needs help to make complete sense. This part can be simple, like a sidekick, or a bit more complicated. Simple ones give more information to the main sentence. Sometimes, we use more than one Adverbial Clause Examples in a sentence. This helps us share ideas, actions, or descriptions better. Using these parts well is important to speak clearly and make sense in English. So, remember, sentences can be like buddies working together. Learning about them helps us talk better!

Adverbial Clause Definition, Types with Examples

Adverbial Clause Definition, Types with Examples

Adverbial Clause Definition:

Adverbial clauses are subordinate clauses that function as adverbs within a sentence. These clauses provide additional information about the action or the circumstances of the main clause. Adverbial clauses typically answer questions such as how, when, where, why, or to what degree the action in the main clause occurred. They serve to modify the verb, adjective, or adverb in the main clause, adding detail and nuance to the overall meaning of the sentence.


  • She ate quickly when she realized she was late for the meeting.
  • Although he studied hard, he didn’t perform well in the exam.
  • They went to the beach, where they enjoyed the sunny weather.
  • Before the storm hit, they decided to secure their outdoor furniture.

Types of Adverbial Clause:

  • Time clauses
  • Place clauses
  • Manner clauses
  • Purpose clauses
  • Condition clauses
  • Contrast clauses
  • Cause clauses
  • Result clauses
  • Concession clauses
  • Comparison clauses

Time Clauses:

A time clause tells us when something happens. It often begins with words like “when,” “while,” “before,” “after,” “as soon as,” or “until.”


When I finish my homework, I will play outside.
This sentence tells us the time when I will play outside—after finishing homework.

I always eat breakfast before I go to school.
Here, the time clause indicates when I eat breakfast—before going to school.

Place Clauses:

Place clauses describe the location or position where an action happens. They often begin with words like where, wherever, or the place where.


  • Where he lives, there are many tall trees.
  • We will meet at the park, where we always play.
  • The treasure is hidden in a cave, where no one has been before.

Manner Clauses:

Manner clauses describe how an action is done. They often begin with words like ‘like,’ ‘as,’ or ‘as if.’


  • He sings like a bird. (tells us how he sings)
  • She danced at the party as if nobody was watching. (tells us how she danced)
  • The children played the game as their teacher instructed. (tells us how they played)

Purpose Clauses:

Purpose clauses tell us why something is done. They often start with words like “so that,” “so that,” or “to.”


  • She studied hard so that she could pass the exam.
  • He went to the store to buy some groceries.
  • They saved money so that they could go on a vacation.
  • I turned off the lights early so that I could go to bed.

Condition Clauses:

Condition clauses are used to talk about situations that depend on certain conditions being met. These clauses often start with words like “if” or “unless.”


  • If it rains, we will stay indoors.
  • I’ll go to the park unless it’s too hot.
  • You can play outside, as long as you finish your homework first.

Contrast Clauses:

Contrast clauses are used to show a difference or opposite idea. They often use words like “but,” “although,” or “while.”


  • She is happy, but he is sad.
  • I like pizza, although my sister prefers pasta.
  • He is tall, while his brother is short.
  • She wants to go out, but he prefers staying home.

Cause Clauses:

Cause clauses explain the reason or cause behind an action in a sentence. They often begin with words like ‘because,’ ‘since,’ ‘as,’ or ‘so that.’


  • Because it rained, the picnic was canceled.
  • I stayed home since I was feeling unwell.
  • The car stopped working as it ran out of gas.
  • We studied hard so that we could pass the exam.

Result Clauses:

Result clauses show the consequence or outcome of an action in a sentence.


  • So: He studied hard so that he could pass the exam.
  • Such…that: It was such a hot day that we decided to go swimming.
  • So…that: The dog barked loudly so the cat ran away that it scared everyone.

In each example, the result clause (after the bolded words) explains what happened as a result of the action mentioned before it.

Concession Clauses:

Concession clauses show that even though one thing is true, another thing is also true. They often use words like “although,” “though,” or “even though.”


  • Although it was raining, we went to the park.
    (This means it was raining, but we still went to the park.)
  • We played outside, though it was getting dark.
    (This means it was getting dark, but we still played outside.)

So, in concession clauses, there’s a contrast between two ideas, but the second idea still happens despite the first one.

Comparison Clauses:

Comparison clauses are used to show similarities or differences between two things. They often use words like “than” or “as” to make comparisons.


  • Bigger than: She is bigger than her brother.
  • Faster than The cheetah runs faster than the turtle.
  • As tall as The giraffe is as tall as the tree.
  • Smaller than: My phone is smaller than yours.
  • More intelligent than The professor is more intelligent than the student.

In these examples, bold words like “than” or “as” help compare the characteristics of different things.

Adverbial Clause Examples:

  • I will come over when you are ready.
  • He succeeded because he worked hard.
  • They left early since the traffic was heavy.
  • We can go out if it stops raining.
  • She smiled wherever she went.
  • We’ll eat dinner before the movie starts.
  • She spoke softly while others listened.
  • Unless you hurry, we’ll be late.
  • The cat purred while curled up on the couch.
  • He left quietly after saying goodbye.
  • She reads books wherever she finds them.
  • They’ll visit when they have time.
  • We’ll wait until you arrive.
  • He studied hard because he wanted good grades.
  • I’ll call you if I need help.
  • Even though it’s cold, they swim in the lake.
  • The game is canceled due to bad weather.
  • I’ll help while you pack your bags.
  • We’ll go for a walk after we finish dinner.
  • They sang loudly wherever they went.

Adverbial clause Exercise:

1. She ran to the store __________ it was about to close.
a) when
b) because
c) so
d) while
2. The students studied hard so that they could pass the exam.
a) studied hard
b) so that they could pass
c) pass the exam
d) The students
3. I like ice cream; __________, my brother prefers cake.
a) because
b) although
c) when
d) so
4. He couldn’t attend the party __________ he had a family emergency.
a) if
b) because
c) when
d) so that
5. After the storm had passed, we went outside to assess the damage.
a) After the storm had passed
b) we went outside
c) to assess the damage
d) the storm
6. I will call you back __________I finish my meeting.
a) when
b) because
c) so
d) if
7. They planted flowers in the garden __________ it would attract butterflies.
a) when
b) because
c) so that
d) if
8. Although she was tired, Mary continued working on her project.
a) Although she was tired
b) Mary continued working
c) on her project
d) she was tired
9. I’ll go for a walk __________ it stops raining.
a) when
b) because
c) so
d) if
10. They arrived at the airport __________ the flight was already boarding.
a) because
b) if
c) when
d) so


  1. a) when
  2. b) so that they could pass
  3. b) although
  4. b) because
  5. a) After the storm had passed
  6. a) when
  7. c) so that
  8. a) Although she was tired
  9. a) when
  10. c) when

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